Ray – 3 species
Batoideas are commonly known as rays and skates, this species is composed by at least 500 different type of Batoideas.
The rays are closely related to sharks (They are flat-bodied, and, like sharks, are cartilaginous marine fish. The meaning is the following: they have a boneless skeleton made of a tough, elastic substance). Rays are distinguished by their flattened bodies, enlarged pectoral fins that are fused to the head, and gill slits that are placed on their ventral surfaces. They use to breathe by taking water in through the spiracles, rather than through the mouth as most fishes do, and passing it outward through the gills.
Most species live on the sea floor, and they are present all over the world. Many in coastal waters, few live in deep waters to at least 3,000 meters. They usually live in tropical and subtropical marine environments, temperate or sometimes cold waters. Only a few species, like manta rays, live in the open sea, and only a few live in freshwater.
Most of the Batoideas got a powerful mouth, they use their teeth to crush the shells of the species such as:
- The snails.
- The clams.
- The Oyster.
- The Crustaceans.
Most of them use to eat this kind of food but some of them don’t. For example the Manta ray only eat Plankton.
In phuket you’ll get the opportunity yo see 3 types of Rays:
- The Jenkins Whipray.
- Kuhl’s Stingray.
- Manta Ray.
Funny Fact : Some rays gently flap their “wings,” to “fly” through and sometimes even leap out of the water.
The Giant Oceanic Manta Ray is a species of ray, its the largest type of ray in the world. Oceanic mantas are large, horizontally flattened fish that can grow to a width of 9m.
As the Whale Shark, the Manta Ray eats plankton which it scoops up with its large mouth (its a filter feeder).
They reside in deep-water, pelagic zones, making visits to seamounts and coastal reefs. Mantas may travel alone or in groups of up to 50 and sometimes associate with other fish species.
The Manta Ray is considered as an animal in danger, in fact, some of the rays are accidentally fished and in some countries they are also eaten in some part of the world.
You can find the Manta Ray in Phuket:
The Bluespotted Stingray or Kuhl’s stingray is light green with blue spots. Its disk width hovers around 40 centimeters.
You can find it from Japan to Australia and From India To South Africa(Pacific and Indian Oceans)
The maximum age of this species vary from 1 to 18 years of age.
They are preys for a lot of fishes but also for some sharks and orcas. Also the humans use the Bluespoeted stingray as food but also as drums in some culture (arabic).
Important fact to know : The Bluespotted stingray is very venomous.
You can find them in Phuket:
The Jenkins’ whipray is a species of stingray, presents into the Indo-Pacific region from South Africa to Australia.
The pectoral fin disc of the Jenkins’ whipray is diamond-shaped.
This species is generally found close to shore in water under 50 m deep (It prefers sandy or silty bottoms).
The Jenkins’ whipray is highly prized for its skin; the meat and the cartilage may also be utilize by some culture around the world. Nevertheless this species is protected by governments as a species in danger.
You can find it in Phuket :
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